Aging

Collection of articles on Aging is available here.

Imperfect Solutions to the Neoliberal Problem of Public Aging: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Public Narratives of Long-Term Residential Care
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El-Bialy R, Funk L, Thompson G, Smith M, St John Philip, Roger K, et al.
Canadian Journal on Aging / La Revue canadienne du vieillissement 2021:1-14.
Public representations of long-term residential care (LTRC) facilities have received limited focus in Canada, although literature from other countries indicates that public perceptions of LTRC tend to be negative, particularly in contexts that prioritize aging and dying in place. Using Manitoba as the study context, we investigate a question of broad relevance to the Canadian perspective; specifically, what are current public perceptions of the role and function of long-term care in the context of a changing health care system? Through critical discourse analysis, we identify four overarching discourses dominating public perceptions of LTRC: the problem of public aging, LTRC as an imperfect solution to the problem, LTRC as ambiguous social spaces, and LTRC as a last resort option. Building on prior theoretical work, we suggest that public perceptions of LTRC are informed by neoliberal discourses that privilege individual responsibility and problematize public care.

Quality of life among frail older persons (65+ years) in nursing homes: A cross-sectional study.
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Sandgren A, Arnoldsson L, Lagerholm A, B\okberg C.
Nursing open 2021 may;8(3):1232-1242.
AIM: To assess the quality of life in frail older persons (65+ years) living in nursing homes and to examine differences between quality of life perceptions among different gender and age groups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Data were collected during 2015-2017 based on two questionnaires (WHOQOL-OLD and WHOQOL-BREF). Seventy-eight older persons living in nursing homes in southern Sweden answered the questionnaires in structured interviews. Descriptive and comparative statistics were used to analyse the data. The study was guided by Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with Nonrandomized Designs (TREND) guidelines. RESULTS: The frail older persons reported low autonomy related to few opportunities to engage in everyday activities and were unable to do the things they liked to do and not feeling in control of their future. Another important result was that frail older persons seemed to have no or little fear of death and dying. No significant differences between gender or age on quality of life were revealed.

Daily garden use and quality of life in persons with advanced dementia living in a nursing home: A feasibility study.
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van der Velde-van Buuringen Melanie, Achterberg WP, Caljouw MAA.
Nursing open 2021 may;8(3):1243-1253.
AIM: To evaluate the process of daily going outside in a nursing home garden and explore the effect of garden use on quality of life and neuropsychiatric symptoms in persons with dementia. DESIGN: A feasibility study with quantitative and qualitative approaches. METHODS: Twenty residents with a diagnosis of moderate-to-severe dementia participated. The intervention consisted of at least 30 min of garden use, whereby any activity outside is possible as long as it is person-centred and fitting within usual daily nursing home practice. Interviews were held with caregivers, and questionnaires were sent to other disciplines involved. Quality of life (QUALIDEM) and neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPI-NH) were collected at baseline, intervention and postintervention. RESULTS: Caregivers experienced and observed benefits of going outside for themselves, in residents and relatives. Incorporating daily garden use does not imply an additional task, but rather rearranging priorities and doing the usual activities outside a part of the time.