KT Knowledge Transfer

Collection of articles on KT is available here.

Development and Validation of Questionnaire Measuring Registered Nurses’ Competencies, Beliefs, Facilitators, Barriers, and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP-CBFRI).
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Abuadas MH, Albikawi ZF, Abuadas F.
J Nurs Meas 2021 sep.
BACKGROUND: Consideration needs to be given to a variety of factors that influence the implementation of evidence-based nursing practice (EBNP). AIM: This study aimed to develop and validate a questionnaire that measures registered nurses’ competencies, beliefs, facilitators, barriers, and implementation of EBNP. METHODS: Methodological cross-sectional study in which 612 registered nurses were selected by convenient sampling. A panel of six experts evaluated the content validity of the first draft of the EBPCBFRI questionnaire. The final questionnaire was made up of 55 items. Reliability was determined by means of internal consistency. Construct, convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity was assessed. RESULTS: The questionnaire has proven acceptable reliability and validity when used with registered nurses. The scale-level content validity index was .92. Cronbach’s α coefficient for the total questionnaire was .87. Exploratory factor analysis supported five significant factors that explained 64.8% of the variance.

Innovation in a Knowledge-Based Economy: Knowledge Transfer in the Health Sector BT – Occupational Health and Rehabilitation: New Approaches for Maintaining Work Ability in the Workplace
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Dittrich WH.
In: Johansen T, {H. Dittrich Win, editors. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; 2021. p. 185-207.
The aim of this chapter is to conceptualise the term “knowledge transfer” in the light of technological advances and to differentiate between meanings of knowledge transfer in relation to innovation on the one side and knowledge translation on the other side. The new multidimensional lean knowledge-to-action model of organisational knowledge translation is discussed and developed further. Also, factors which seem to hinder knowledge transfer are evaluated. In particular, the phenomenon of organisation silence is highlighted. Furthermore, the text elaborates on factors supporting the exchange of information and translation of knowledge and on the importance of social issues in this context such as researcher-user relations. The role of information exchange and the participation of all stakeholders in occupational rehabilitation, embedded in the health system in Germany, demonstrate the interdependence of different levels of rehabilitation as well as its regulatory frameworks. In this context, a phase model of occupational rehabilitation is described. Finally, knowledge translation seems to function best with a foundation in evidence-based research, transparency, ethical grounding and social consensus.

Attitude theory and measurement in implementation science: a secondary review of empirical studies and opportunities for advancement.
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Fishman J, Yang C, Mandell D.
Implementation science : IS 2021 sep;16(1):87.
BACKGROUND: Implementation science studies often express interest in “attitudes,” a term borrowed from psychology. In psychology, attitude research has an established methodological and theoretical base, which we briefly summarize here. We then review implementation studies designed to measure attitudes and compare their definitions and methods with those from psychology. METHODS: A recent review identified 46 studies empirically examining factors associated with implementation. For each of these studies, we evaluated whether authors included attitudes as a construct of interest, and if so, whether and how the construct was defined, measured, and analyzed. RESULTS: Most of the articles (29/46 [63%]) mention attitudes as an implementation factor. Six articles include a definition of the construct. Nineteen studies were designed to measure attitudes but lacked clarity in describing how attitudes were measured. Those that explained their measurement approach used methods that differed from one another and from validated methods in social psychology. Few articles described associated analyses or provided results specific to attitudes. Despite the lack of specificity regarding relevant measurement, analysis, and results, the articles often included causal conclusions about the role of attitudes. CONCLUSIONS: Attitudes may be an important construct to implementation scientists, but studies to date are ambiguous in their definitions of attitudes and inconsistent in the methods used to measure and analyze attitudes. We discuss how implementation studies can apply psychology’s standardized definitions, validated measurement approaches, and causal models that include attitudes. This application of attitude theory and methods could offer implementation research valuable scientific opportunities.